The Volvo Group's engineers have created a method for constructing trucks that weigh less while carrying the same payload. Lighter vehicles would entail a significant reduction in fuel consumption and thus carbon emissions.
To date, lightweight technology has mainly been used in Volvo Aero's aircraft engine components, but engineers at AB Volvo's research company, Volvo Technology, foresee favorable opportunities in using similar technology to reduce the weight of the cab and chassis in heavy trucks by at least 20% within ten years.
Volvo Technology is creating the super-light vehicle in a computer environment that simulates how hundreds of thousands of small design alterations can reduce the vehicle's total weight without affecting other key characteristics in the vehicle, such as crashworthiness or the ability to carry loads.
Smaller engine required
A lighter vehicle, regardless of whether it is a truck or a bus, can be powered by a smaller engine. If the lighter vehicle is equipped with an engine powered by renewable fuel, or hybrid solutions in which the diesel engine is jointly powered with an electric motor, then fuel consumption and thus carbon emissions can be further reduced.
One of the challenges is that a super-light vehicle needs to be manufactured partly with more expensive materials of higher strength, which means that the vehicle must be produced in volumes that are sufficiently large for the cost to be kept down.