Green hydrogen produced by electrolysis using renewable energy
Green hydrogen has become synonymous with producing hydrogen by electrolysis of water using renewable power such as solar, wind, water, et cetera, thus creating a fully carbon-neutral hydrogen production process. Today, Green hydrogen accounts for a very small percentage of the total hydrogen production. There are initiatives to support the production of carbon-neutral hydrogen, such as the European Commission’s hydrogen strategy for a climate-neutral Europe. These initiatives are important to scale up this technology to mass production and reduce costs.
Green hydrogen as a general term
However, the definition of “Green hydrogen” also covers other renewable pathways to hydrogen such as thermolysis of biomass or reforming of biomethane – any climate-neutral or climate-positive method to produce hydrogen. One potentially climate-positive way to produce hydrogen is using biogas by either the Blue (SMR) or Turquoise (pyrolysis) production method. Bio-Blue and Bio-Turquoise could be even more beneficial to the climate than Green hydrogen (electrolysis). This is because the carbon in the biogas, when upgrading the biogas to biomethane, won’t be released as CO2.