The European Transport Forum 2018

The HDV CO2 emissions reduction strategy: What potential for decarbonising EU transport?
The European Transport Forum 2018

Trucks and buses are expected to play their role in Europe’s efforts to cut its carbon emissions, but how should policymakers set their targets for cleaner vehicles? Top European Union officials and industry stakeholders gathered in Brussels to debate this issue at the European Transport Forum (ETF) on September 25, 2018. They looked at the recent European Commission proposals on truck and bus greenhouse gas emissions, examining whether its expectations for technological innovation would be enough to lower these emissions while remaining affordable for the haulage sector.

Keynote speech by Adina-Ioana Vălean MEP, Chair of the Committee on Environment, Public Health, and Food Safety

The event began with a keynote speech by Romanian MEP Adina-Ioana Vălean, who is the Chair of the Committee on Environment, Public Health, and Food Safety (ENVI) of the European Parliament. “The free movement of goods is paramount to the single European market. At the same time, all citizens of the EU should be able to live long, healthy and prosperous lives,” she said. But she warned that, “European mobility finds itself at the turning point where positive disruptors such as changing business patterns, digitalisation and new consumer needs are enabling new business models and markets to develop.”

Mrs Vălean said the challenge is to reduce the impact on climate without hampering economic growth. When it comes to cutting emissions from heavy- duty vehicles (HDVs), she said that most transporters and their customers want to use less fuel, hence saving money. However, she was cautious that cutting emissions quickly could result in increased costs.

The Commission has set targets for 2025 or 2030 and beyond, and it is unclear at the moment how far the Committee will go with the 420 amendments,” she said. “Any figure put forward by the Commission will be doubled, simply in the name of ambition. This is wrong since ambition should not be about binding targets but about increasing sales at home and abroad and making the entire climate transition of the EU the largest possible economic success. If not, we will face going on the international stage and listening to our partners around the world with empty commitments, while they are heavily increasing their market share as well as reducing their emissions. The only way to have success is to be economically sound.”

Mrs Vălean said she wanted to debate how to ensure a fast update of the Vehicle Energy Consumption Calculation Tool (VECTO), the calculation device that aims to accurately simulate carbon emissions from HDVs. She also wanted to look at the wording of the fast-track procedures and credits to measure emissions by tonne – and thus avert any discrimination of larger trucks. “Super credits should be structured to allow all technologies that emit less to be treated in a level playing field,” she said. “Penalties should also be structured neutrally regardless of truck size. Without technology neutrality we will be gambling against science and markets, and it will show that we have not learned anything from past mistakes when we invested heavily in solar panels or the first generation of biofuels.”

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